What effects does it have?

What is it?

Surgery to permanently remove the vaginal canal and close the opening.

How long does it last?

The effects are permanent and cannot be reversed.

More information

Vaginectomy is surgery to remove the vaginal canal. This does not remove the uterus (womb) or ovaries, which are removed by salpingo-oophorectomy and hysterectomy.

There are two types of vaginectomy:

  • total vaginectomy: this operation involves complete removal of all the tissue of the vagina and is considered risky. This operation is normally only used to remove cancer.
  • mucosal vaginectomy: this operation involves removing some of the lining of the vagina and then closing the entrance up. The inside of the vagina then collapses in on itself. This is significantly safer, though there may be some significant loss of sexual sensation after this operation 1. You must have a hysterectomy in order for vaginectomy to be possible. It is possible to close the external outer opening of the vulva as part of this operation 2.


  1. 1 Ralph, David and Christopher, Nim (2007) “Phalloplasty,” in Barrett, J. (ed.), Transsexual and other disorders of gender identity: A practical guide to management, Radcliffe Publishing, pp. 229–247.
  2. 2 Christopher, Nim, Ralph, David and Garaffa, Giulio (2017) “Genital Reconstructive Surgery for Transgender Men,” in Bouman, W. P. and Arcelus, J. (eds.), The Transgender Handbook: A Guide for Transgender People, Their Families and Professionals, Nova Science Publishers Inc, pp. 277–300.

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Page last updated: September 2017